Women constitute roughly 50% of humanity. Yet in a male-dominated society, they struggle to reach their optimum position. In 2027, Ms. Justice BV Nagarathna is likely to become the first woman Chief Justice of India. By this time, Ms. Rashmi of the Indian Police Service should have become the first DGP of Maharashtra. But again, some male-dominated hierarchies are delaying her appointment. The field of environment is not an exception to this unwritten rule.
Nobody has been bothered by the observations made during the deliberations of the COP28 about the women affected by climate change. The research on this issue shows that another 158 million women and girls would be added to the below-average poverty line in the world, while 236 million humans in all will face food insecurity. The warning comes from a report by the UN Women’s Organization, presented at the above COP held in the UAE. Women are exposed more to the effects of climate change.
The number of women facing death during delivery, sexual violence, or homelessness due to climate change may go up in about 14 countries. This is revealed in the latest report from UNFPA. Which creates an urgency for a need for special consideration to be given. This was stressed on ‘gender equality day’ under the partnership of ‘gender-responsive just transition and climate action’.
A majority of countries affected by climate change are poor or middle-income, where agriculture is a majority profession. Production and its methods in agriculture are affected by climate change and to add, women dominate farming in Southeast Asia. Most women in southeast are paid no to meager amounts for their hard labour and most likely, they are more likely to be hit by any climatic variations.
It is estimated that there was a loss of 49 billion US dollars in Asia alone owing to the reduction of farm and bio-production during the period from 2008 to 2018. Hence, there is a need to consider the women factor in dealing with climate change. While women contribute almost half of farm and industrial production in some regions, they are not considered equal partners economically and rarely considered in dealing with the climate change problem.
Ms. Lalita Panicker says that the basic male-dominated thought process is to be altered. A symbolic beginning is already made in recruiting and giving command positions in the armed forces of India. In the US armed forces, there is visible gender equality. It is heartening to witness the inauguration of an all-girls Sainik School at Mathura in Uttar Pradesh.