Decades to Parity: 134 Years Needed to Close the Global Gender Gap, Reveals 2024 WEF Report

June 15, 2024
2 mins read
Decades to Parity: 134 Years Needed to Close the Global Gender Gap, Reveals 2024 WEF Report
Decades to Parity: 134 Years Needed to Close the Global Gender Gap, Reveals 2024 WEF Report

There is a gender gap in all fields of human activity. Today, only 10% of the world’s heads of State are women. Women enjoy less than two-thirds of the legal rights available to men. The World Economic Forum in its annual report, published Wednesday, said that it will take 134 years to close the current gender gap.

Across all 146 countries in the index this year, the Global Gender Gap (GGP) stands at 68.5% closed. Considering the set of 101 countries continuously covered since 2006, the GGP has closed by 0.1 percentage point in 2023.” Among the 146 economies covered in the 2024
, the Health and Survival gender gap has closed by 96%, the Educational Attainment
gap by 94.9%, the Economic Participation and Opportunity gap by 60.5%, and the Political
Empowerment gap by 22.5%,” is mentioned in the report. 

134 years – or five generations – to reach parity Image : World Economic Forum

The WEF report states, “The 2024 Global Gender Gap Index shows that while no country has achieved full gender parity, 97% of the economies included in this edition have closed more than 60% of their gap, compared to 85% in 2006.” Iceland has been leading the index for the last 15 years and remains the only country which has closed more than 90% of its gender gap.

It will take another 20 years to reach parity in educational attainment, 169 years to close the political empowerment gap, and 152 years to reach economic parity. The WEF report on the time to close the health and survival gap remains undefined.

Many regions are generations away from parity Image Credits: World Economic Forum

In a world facing increasingly complex challenges, gender parity gives women better life chances. Some 47 parliamentary chambers are holding elections and use gender quotas for candidates, in this bumper election year.

In the US, President Biden has selected Kamala Harris as his running mate for Vice presidency, while Mexico made history earlier this month by electing Claudia Sheinbaum as the first woman and first Jewish president. In Europe, the EU is headed by a female leader, Ursula von der Leyen. Earlier, Sheikh Hasina was reelected as prime minister of Bangladesh.

So, the changes are there, but the pace is slow, it will take about 134 years to close the GGG, according to the 2024 WEF report.

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Below is the list of head of states currently in office:

NamePortraitCountryOfficeMandate startMandateendTerm lengthHead of stateor governmentExecutiveor non-executive
Borjana Krišto Bosnia and HerzegovinaChairwoman of the Council of Ministers25 January 2023Incumbent1 year, 141 daysHead of government
Christine Kangaloo Trinidad and TobagoPresident20 March 2023Incumbent1 year, 86 daysHead of state
Dina Boluarte PeruPresident7 December 2022Incumbent1 year, 190 daysHead of stateand governmentExecutive
Droupadi Murmu IndiaPresident25 July 2022Incumbent1 year, 325 daysHead of state
Evika Siliņa LatviaPrime Minister15 September 2023Incumbent273 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Fiamē Naomi Mataʻafa SamoaPrime Minister24 May 2021Incumbent3 years, 21 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Giorgia Meloni ItalyPrime Minister22 October 2022Incumbent1 year, 236 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Gordana Siljanovska-Davkova North MacedoniaPresident12 May 2024Incumbent33 daysHead of state
Hilda Heine Marshall IslandsPresident3 January 2024Incumbent163 daysHead of stateand governmentExecutive
Ingrida Šimonytė LithuaniaPrime Minister11 December 2020Incumbent3 years, 186 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Judith Suminwa Democratic Republic of the CongoPrime Minister12 June 2024Incumbent2 daysHead of government
Kaja Kallas EstoniaPrime Minister26 January 2021Incumbent3 years, 140 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Katerina Sakellaropoulou GreecePresident13 March 2020Incumbent4 years, 93 daysHead of state
Maia Sandu MoldovaPresident24 December 2020Incumbent3 years, 173 daysHead of state
Mette Frederiksen DenmarkPrime Minister27 June 2019Incumbent4 years, 353 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Mia Mottley BarbadosPrime Minister25 May 2018Incumbent6 years, 20 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Myriam Spiteri Debono MaltaPresident4 April 2024Incumbent71 daysHead of state
Nataša Pirc Musar SloveniaPresident23 December 2022Incumbent1 year, 174 daysHead of state
Sahle-Work Zewde EthiopiaPresident25 October 2018Incumbent5 years, 233 daysHead of state
Salome Zourabichvili GeorgiaPresident16 December 2018Incumbent5 years, 181 daysHead of state
Samia Suluhu Hassan TanzaniaPresident19 March 2021Incumbent3 years, 87 daysHead of stateand governmentExecutive
Sandra Mason BarbadosPresident30 November 2021Incumbent2 years, 197 daysHead of state
Sheikh Hasina BangladeshPrime Minister6 January 2009Incumbent15 years, 160 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Sylvanie Burton DominicaPresident2 October 2023Incumbent256 daysHead of state
Victoire Tomegah Dogbé TogoPrime Minister28 September 2020Incumbent3 years, 260 daysHead of governmentExecutive[i]
Vjosa Osmani KosovoPresident4 April 2021Incumbent3 years, 71 daysHead of state
Xiomara Castro HondurasPresident27 January 2022Incumbent2 years, 139 daysHead of stateand governmentExecutive
Zuzana Čaputová SlovakiaPresident15 June 2019Incumbent4 years, 365 daysHead of state
(Source- Wikipedia)

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