According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the severe heatwave originated in North Africa. The warm front is being pushed into Western Europe by an Atlantic low-pressure system between the Azores and Madeira, according to the UN agency. In order to prevent deaths from heat-related illnesses, national meteorological and hydrological agencies in Europe actively collaborate with national and local authorities. The region-wide civil protection measures have been initiated by these heat-health early warning systems. Numerous heat-related incidents, including wildfires and electrical system failures, result in the deaths of thousands of people every year.
The average temperature in several regions of Spain and France is currently more than 10 degrees Celsius (or 50 degrees Fahrenheit) higher than the usual for this time of year, although it is still just mid-June. It is the earliest heatwave since 1947, according to France’s national meteorological bureau, and it comes after the country’s hottest and driest May on record. This week, temperatures in portions of Spain’s interior reached over 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), and the Toledo region has recently seen even greater Temperatures.
Climate change brought on by human activity increases the likelihood and severity of every heatwave in Europe today. How much more depends mainly on the characteristics of the event, including its location, time of year, intensity, and length. Compared to a century ago, such extreme heatwaves happen at least five times more frequently. In modelling heatwaves at these scales, climate models tend toward smaller trends, more significant yearly variance, and fewer genuinely intense heatwaves than observed. They model a factor of 2 to 20 increase in likelihood.
Although it may not be immediately apparent, heat waves can be fatal. In addition to other variables like population aging, urbanization, shifting social structures, and degrees of preparedness, climate change significantly increases this risk. After a few weeks, the real impact is revealed after the death statistics have been analysed. Heat plans have lessened the effects in France and other nations, becoming ever strategically crucial given the mounting threats.